Multiple health and lifestyle factors can increase your risk of developing type 2 diabetes. These include:
- Age. The risk of type 2 diabetes increases as you age, especially after age 45.
- Being overweight. The more fatty tissue you have, particularly in the abdomen, the more resistant your cells become to insulin.
- Inactivity. The less active you are, the greater your risk of diabetes.
- A family history of diabetes.
- Race. Certain ethnic groups – including African Americans, Native Americans, and Asian Americans – have a greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- Prediabetes. Left untreated, prediabetes often progresses to type 2 diabetes.
- Gestational diabetes. If you developed gestational diabetes during a pregnancy, your risk of later developing type 2 diabetes increases. Giving birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds also increases your risk.
- Other health conditions, including metabolic syndrome or polycystic ovary syndrome.